KamLAND SN monitor
In the late stages of nuclear burning for massive stars, the pair production of neutrinos from positron-electron annihilation
becomes a significant source of neutrino flux and therefore cooling. As the star evolves, the energy of these neutrinos increases
and in the days preceding the supernova a significant fraction exceed the threshold for inverse beta decay.
This is the golden channel for liquid scintillator detectors and Gd-doped water Cherenkov detectors
because the coincidence signal allows for significant reductions in backgrounds.
We find that the kiloton-scale liquid scintillator detector KamLAND can detect these pre-supernova neutrinos from a star
with a mass of 25 M_sun at < 660 pc with 3σ significance in the 48 hours before the supernova.
This limit is dependent on the neutrino mass hierarchy and background levels.
KamLAND takes data constantly and will provide a semi-realtime significance as a supernova alarm to the community.
Getting KamLAND data
The opened data consist of the significance, last updated unixtime and current status (see an example).
The data is updated in every 15 minutes.
If you are interested in getting the KamLAND data, you can registrate from Registration page
We recommend to the 'curl' commands to get the KamLAND data from registered computer. Below is an example.
- April, 2015: web page open
- Koji Ishidoshiro (Research Center for Neutrino Science, Tohoku University)
- Kyoko Tamae (Research Center for Neutrino Science, Tohoku University)